Iceland is a unique and beautiful country located just south of the arctic circle. Despite its northerly location, it has a temperate climate which is moderated by the North Atlantic current. Iceland is blessed with a bounty of natural resources, principally fish, hydropower and geothermal power. The extensive use of electricity produced from clean, renewable hydropower and geothermal power plants, coupled with the use of hot water to heat almost all the homes in the country means that Iceland has very little pollution. In fact, it is one of the least polluted cities in Europe.
The capital of Iceland is Reykjavik and it is the northernmost national capital in the world. Iceland´s population is quite small, only 320.000 (January 2009) the majority of which lives in the capital. The language of Iceland is Icelandic and it has changed little over the centuries. In fact, Icelanders can still read the original Icelandic Sagas written in the 9th and 10th century. But, most Icelanders speak English as well as other languages like Danish, German, Swedish and Norwegian.
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